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EyeWiki is where ophthalmologists, other physicians, patients and the public can view articles written by ophthalmologists, covering the vast spectrum of eye disease, diagnosis and treatment. Any qualified ophthalmologist or ophthalmologist in training is invited to contribute content to the wiki.

Featured Article

Featured Article for January 14, 2020


Microsporidia are obligate intracellular, spore-forming parasitic fungi. They are capable of infecting many species of animals. In humans, they can infect many organs, including the eye. They are widely distributed around the world and are considered an emerging cause of infectious disease, especially in immunocompromised patient populations.

Microsporidia is a phylum of microorganisms consisting of roughly 1200 species capable of infecting many different animals, particularly fish and insects. 15 species have been associated with infections in humans. These include Anncaliia (formerly Barachiola) algerae, A. connori, A. vesicularum, Encephalitozoon cuniculi, E. hellem, E. intestinalis, Enterocytozoon biuneusi, Mircosporidium ceylonensis, M. africanum, Nosema ocularum, Pleistophora spp., Trachipleistophora hominis, T anthropophthera, Vittaforma corneae, and Tubulinosema acridophagus. E. cuniculi, E. intestinalis, and E. bieneusi have been found in some domestic and wild animals while E. hellem has been detected in birds. E. bieneusi and V. corneae species have been associated with human infection.

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EyeWiki Editorial Board

Marcus Marcet, M.D.
Deputy Editor-in-Chief 
Cat Nguyen Burkat, MD FACS

Section Lead Editors

Cataract/Anterior Segment  
Alpa S. Patel, M.D.
Cornea/External Disease  
Vatinee Bunya, MD
Ahmad A. Aref, MD, MBA
Andrew Go Lee, MD
Ocular Trauma  
Anna Murchison, MD, MPH
Michael T Yen, MD
Matthew W. Wilson, MD, FACS
Pediatric Ophthalmology/Strabismus  
Monte A Del Monte, MD
Refractive Management/Intervention  
Alaa Eldanasoury, MD
Jennifer I Lim MD
Alan Palestine, MD